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Causes of Depression

What are causes of a depression?

Depression is often the result of several factors, such as:

  • Biological factors
    Genetic factors can increase your chance of developing depression. But fortunately, that doesn’t mean that you’ll definitely struggle with depression throughout your life. Your environment plays a major role here. As do your hormones. If your hormones are out of balance for some reason, for example, because of chronic stress or a traumatic event, you’ll have an increased risk of developing depression. The chances of developing depression are also greater for women going through menopause because lots of hormonal changes take place during this time. This means that they are more likely to experience feelings of depression.
  • Social factors
    A major, distressing event, such as the death of a loved one, can trigger feelings of depression. The same is true for childhood trauma or feelings of extreme loneliness. Sometimes, something serious happens in your life and you find that you don’t have much in the way of social support. You can’t depend on your friends or family, and you feel alone and socially isolated.
  • Psychological factors
    Depression can also arise as a result of negative experiences in your childhood that lead to poor self-esteem. You’ll constantly experience negative thoughts, be afraid to fail, and experience low self-confidence. These negative thought patterns often suck you in and you get caught up in a vicious cycle of negative thoughts.



Do you have the feeling that you are suffering from depression or do you know someone who is dealing with it? You can work together with a psychologist to determine whether it is the cause of your depression and what options you have to cope with the depressive feelings and how to improve the situation.

publish-icon Published - 18 Nov 2020
During certain periods in life, we just don't feel like doing anything. Don't be too hard on yourself because it's hard enough as it is!
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GZ-Psychologist Mariëlle van der Meer

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